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Okio概览

原文

Okio is a library that complements java.io and java.nio to make it much easier to access, store, and process your data. It started as a component of OkHttp, the capable HTTP client included in Android. It’s well-exercised and ready to solve new problems.

Okio是一个补充java.iojava.nio的库,使访问、存储和处理数据更加容易。它是作为OkHttp的一个组件开始的,OkHttpAndroid中包含的有能力的HTTP客户端。它得到了很好的锻炼,并准备解决新的问题。

ByteStrings and Buffers

原文

Okio is built around two types that pack a lot of capability into a straightforward API:

Okio是围绕两种类型建立的,在一个简单的API中包含了大量的功能。

原文
  • ByteString is an immutable sequence of bytes. For character data, String is fundamental. ByteString is String’s long-lost brother, making it easy to treat binary data as a value. This class is ergonomic: it knows how to encode and decode itself as hex, base64, and UTF-8.
  • Buffer is a mutable sequence of bytes. Like ArrayList, you don’t need to size your buffer in advance. You read and write buffers as a queue: write data to the end and read it from the front. There’s no obligation to manage positions, limits, or capacities.
  • ByteString是一个不可改变的字节序列。对于字符数据,String是基本的。ByteString是String失散多年的兄弟,使其很容易将二进制数据当作一个值。这个类是符合人体工程学的:它知道如何将自己编码和解码为十六进制、base64和UTF-8。
  • Buffer是一个可变的字节序列。像ArrayList一样,你不需要事先确定缓冲区的大小。你以队列的方式读写缓冲区:把数据写到最后,然后从前面读取。没有义务去管理位置、限制或容量。
原文

Internally, ByteString and Buffer do some clever things to save CPU and memory. If you encode a UTF-8 string as a ByteString, it caches a reference to that string so that if you decode it later, there’s no work to do.

在内部,ByteStringBuffer做了一些聪明的事情来节省CPU和内存。如果你把一个UTF-8的字符串编码为ByteString,它就会缓存一个对该字符串的引用,这样如果你以后解码,就不需要做什么了。

原文

Buffer is implemented as a linked list of segments. When you move data from one buffer to another, it reassigns ownership of the segments rather than copying the data across. This approach is particularly helpful for multithreaded programs: a thread that talks to the network can exchange data with a worker thread without any copying or ceremony.

缓冲区由一个segment链表实现。当你把数据从一个缓冲区移到另一个缓冲区时,它重新分配segment的所有权,而不是把数据复制过去。这种方法对多线程程序特别有帮助:一个与网络对话的线程可以与一个工作线程交换数据,而无需任何复制或仪式。

Sources and Sinks

原文

An elegant part of the java.io design is how streams can be layered for transformations like encryption and compression. Okio includes its own stream types called Source and Sink that work like InputStream and OutputStream, but with some key differences:

java.io设计的一个优雅部分是流可以分层进行转换,如加密和压缩。Okio包括它自己的流类型,叫做SourceSink,其工作方式类似于InputStreamOutputStream,但有一些关键的区别。

原文
  • Timeouts. The streams provide access to the timeouts of the underlying I/O mechanism. Unlike the java.io socket streams, both read() and write() calls honor timeouts.
  • Easy to implement. Source declares three methods: read(), close(), and timeout(). There are no hazards like available() or single-byte reads that cause correctness and performance surprises.
  • Easy to use. Although implementations of Source and Sink have only three methods to write, callers are given a rich API with the BufferedSource and BufferedSink interfaces. These interfaces give you everything you need in one place.
  • No artificial distinction between byte streams and char streams. It’s all data. Read and write it as bytes, UTF-8 strings, big-endian 32-bit integers, little-endian shorts; whatever you want. No more InputStreamReader!
  • Easy to test. The Buffer class implements both BufferedSource and BufferedSink so your test code is simple and clear.
  • 超时。流提供了对底层I/O机制的超时的访问。与java.io套接字流不同的是,read()和write()的调用都遵守超时。
  • 易于实现。Source声明了三个方法:read(), close(), 和timeout()。没有像available()或单字节读取这样的危险,导致正确性和性能的意外。
  • 易于使用。尽管Source和Sink的实现只有三个方法可以写,但调用者可以通过BufferedSource和BufferedSink接口获得丰富的API。这些接口在一个地方给你提供了你所需要的一切。
  • 字节流和字符流之间没有人为的区分。这都是数据。以字节、UTF-8字符串、big-endian 32位整数、little-endian shorts的形式读写;任何你想要的。不再有InputStreamReader!
  • 易于测试。Buffer类同时实现了BufferedSource和BufferedSink,所以你的测试代码简单而清晰。
原文

Sources and sinks interoperate with InputStream and OutputStream. You can view any Source as an InputStream, and you can view any InputStream as a Source. Similarly for Sink and OutputStream.

Source声明了三个方法:read(), close(), 和timeout()。没有像available()或单字节读取这样的危险,导致正确性和性能的意外。 易于使用。尽管SourceSink的实现只有三个方法可以写,但调用者可以通过BufferedSourceBufferedSink接口获得丰富的API。这些接口在一个地方给你提供了你所需要的一切。

Presentations

A Few “Ok” Libraries (slides): An introduction to Okio and three libraries written with it.

Decoding the Secrets of Binary Data (slides): How data encoding works and how Okio does it.

Ok Multiplatform! (slides): How we changed Okio’s implementation language from Java to Kotlin.


最后更新: November 12, 2021
创建日期: November 11, 2021